Europe is a continent located unconditionally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies innate geography, the home affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature since its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than as soon as a sharp dividing line. The geographic affix in the midst of Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is at odds into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, something like every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to unprejudiced economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, considering a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, gone the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a remove political entity that lies along with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes attach and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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movements throughout history enlightenment worldatlas movements throughout history enlightenment the age of enlightenment was experienced throughout the 18th century in europe particularly in france map of europe circa 1780 mapping the enlightenment mapping the enlightenment intellectual networks and the making of knowledge in the european periphery a european scholarly flows digital cartography project europe map and satellite image geology physical map of europe check out the terrain of the continent with this physical map of europe at a glance you can see many mountain ranges for example the pyrenees the alps the carpathian mountains and the scandinavian mountains inventing eastern europe map of civilization on the mind this is a wide ranging intellectual history of how in the 18th century europe came to be conceived as divided into western europe and eastern europe outline map enlightenment europe lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from www timemaps com enlightenment europe outline map world history timeline european european history 1789 ce timemaps next map europe 1789 what is happening in europe in 1837ce this period of european history has been dominated by revolution and war and then by counter revolution and nowl european society is changed in the most radical way it has ever experienced map of europe during the renaissance main the renaissance map of europe during the renaissance name date in this unit you will learn about europe during the renaissance history of europe the enlightenment britannica com history of europe history of europe the enlightenment the enlightenment was both a movement and a state of mind the term represents a phase in the intellectual history of europe but it also serves to define programs of reform in which influential literati inspired by a common faith in the possibility of a better world outlined specific enlightenment definition history facts britannica com enlightenment a european intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries that emphasized the use of reason to advance understanding of the universe and to improve the human condition the goals of the enlightenment were knowledge freedom and happiness age of enlightenment wikipedia the age of enlightenment also known as the age of reason or simply the enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in europe during the 18th century the century of philosophy