Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than subsequently a brilliant dividing line. The geographic link up amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is at odds into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the enlightened era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, in this area all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advanced economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, bearing in mind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls among most of its member states.
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map of europe 16th century universities map description historical map of the universities of europe in the 16th century illustrating those founded before 1400 underlined credits university of texas at austin from the public schools historical atlas edited by c colbeck 1905 related links about charlemagne related maps category maps of 16th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 16th century europe the following 22 files are in this category out of 22 total euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1600 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1600 16th century europe maps mapmania org 16th century europe ireland map of iceland published in additamentum iv to ortellus map collection in antwerp 1590 it far surpassed earlier maps of iceland in accuracy complete maps etc usf edu europe in the 16th century the sixteenth century a map of europe in the 16th century division of europe as to war with england 1778 1782 a map showing the division of europe as to war with england 1778 to 1782 europe 1815 europe in 1871 1871 a map showing the boundaries of europe as they were in 1871 a spy a map and the quest for power in 16th century europe the journeys of 15th and 16th century european explorers are depicted on cantino s map including vasco da gama s first voyage in search of a sea route to india 1497 99 and the discovery 16th century maps mapmania 16th century europe expanded 17th century ottoman world map based on one originally composed in 1525 and dedicated to sultan suleyman i the magnificent by piri reis 16th century 17th century maritime ottomans sudan turkey history map archive 1501 1600 emersonkent com 16th century historical map archive sorted chronologically history maps from the year 1501 1600 the sixteenth century early world maps wikipedia the piri reis map is a famous world map created by 16th century ottoman turkish admiral and cartographer piri reis the surviving third of the map shows part of the western coasts of europe and north africa with reasonable accuracy and the coast of brazil is also easily recognizable europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area