Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era back its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than behind a smart dividing line. The geographic link up together with Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into virtually fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the stop of ancient history and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the protester era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, concerning every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to broadminded economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, once a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, when the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a cut off diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its advocate states.
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old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps europe complete maps record 31 to 40 of 121 historic and contemporary maps of europe including physical and political maps early history and empires wwi maps climate maps relief maps vegetation maps population density and distribution maps cultural maps and economic resource maps map available online 1880 to 1889 europe library of includes 4 ancillary maps stamped in black ink in lower margin 626888 n 41 available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image stamped in black ink in lower margin 626888 n 41 map 1880 to 1889 europe library of congress europa politisch relief shown by hachures and spot heights depths shown by soundings world 1880 mapchart historical map chart create your own free custom historical map of the world in 1880 color each single country or focus on regions like europe euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1800 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1800 europe 1880 etc usf edu description a map of europe in 1880 after the establishment of the new german empire shows the location of political borders as well as cities waterways and mountain ranges europe 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 1 september 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war in 1870 a prussian prince accepted the spanish throne outraged the french made the prince back down then tried to pressure the king of prussia to never permit a spanish candidacy bismarck immediately released this discussion to the press atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe expedition of the thousand historical atlas of europe historical map of europe the mediterranean 29 may 1860 expedition of the thousand in return for french support sardinia ceded savoy and nice to france free to move south the sardinians secretly sent the famed italian revolutionary giuseppe garibaldi with a thousand volunteers to land in sicily and overthrow the powerful kingdom of the