Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older before its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than with a brilliant dividing line. The geographic connect amid Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are plus transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient history and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, approaching every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, gone a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequently the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a sever diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls in the course of most of its member states.
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wig map archive english news welcome map archive of wojskowy instytut geograficzny 1919 1939 non commercial project with scans of maps and geographic materials published by the wojskowy instytut geograficzny wig 1919 1939 map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history paris between the wars 1919 1939 wikipedia 1919 in paris was a time of celebration and optimism an enormous military parade was held on july 14 1919 from porte maillot to the place de la republique celebrating victory in the great war the road to war germany 1919 1939 history on the net problem of reparations in 1924 a payment plan was worked out and germany s economy improved however it made the german economy as well as the economies of the rest of europe dependent on the united states history of europe wikipedia the history of europe covers the peoples inhabiting europe from prehistory to the present during the neolithic era and the time of the indo european migrations europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material exchange map of total solar eclipse on april 8 2024 timeanddate com what does the map show the map shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse on april 8 2024 you can select any location to see the local type date and time of the eclipse new jersey historical maps rutgers cartography lab permission is granted solely to view these map images no other permission to use the map images on these webpages is granted copies of the maps are not available for sale most of the map images on these webpages are from rutgers special collections solar and lunar eclipses in europe next 10 years list of solar and lunar eclipses in europe next 10 years check where the eclipses are visible and if you can see them atlas of poland wikimedia commons short name poland official name republic of poland status independent country since the ninth century interrupted between 1795 and 1918 as well as between 1939 and 1945 member of the european union since 2004 holocaust timeline the rise of the nazi party few would have thought that the nazi party starting as a gang of unemployed soldiers in 1919 would become the legal government of germany by 1933