Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the land be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than next a smart dividing line. The geographic be next to together with Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the campaigner era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, just about every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to objector economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the manner of the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be next to and immigration controls along with most of its zealot states.
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iron curtain wikipedia the iron curtain was initially a non physical boundary dividing europe into two separate areas from the end of world war ii in 1945 until the end of the cold war in 1991 italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com printable map of italy and info and links to italy facts famous natives landforms latitude longitude maps symbols timeline and weather by worldatlas com 1946 italian general election wikipedia legislative election results map light blue denotes provinces with a christian democratic plurality red denotes those with a communist plurality salmon denotes those with a socialist plurality better packaging with multivac multivac is one of the world s leading suppliers of integrated packaging solutions with a focus on packaging processing portioning labelling and marking inspection and handling map of the vietnam war 1968 emersonkent com map description history map of the vietnam war fought 1954 1975 illustrating the tet offensive in south vietnam 1968 credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history historical map web sites perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 modern era 1946 present that s one small step for man and one giant leap for mankind said neil armstrong as he walked on the moon july 20 1969 the development and growth of the united states during this era was influenced by helping europe recover from world war ii and u s involvement in other wars mainly the cold war with the soviet union and the vietnam luxembourg map geography of luxembourg map of this beautiful slice of land at the crossroads of western europe is today a prosperous constitutional monarchy one known as an international tax haven and banking center world map simple mapchart save in order to save the current map configuration colors of countries states borders map title and labels click the button below to download a small mapchartsave txt file containing all the information bbc history world wars the special operations recruiting and training in the dark days that followed the fall of france a new volunteer fighting force was hastily improvised to wage a secret war against hitler s armies