Europe is a continent located unconditionally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the house affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than once a smart dividing line. The geographic affix with Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is at odds into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, approaching all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a cut off political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its zealot states.
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alps definition map facts britannica com alps a small segment of a discontinuous mountain chain that stretches from the atlas mountains of north africa across southern europe and asia to beyond the himalayas the alps extend north from the subtropical mediterranean coast near nice france to lake geneva before trending east northeast to vienna map of europe with facts statistics and history infoplease this page has a map of europe visit the map for more specific information about the countries history government population and economy of europe alps mountains map and details world atlas the alps are a mountain system located in south central europe immediately north of the mediterranean sea they extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern france near monaco into switzerland then through northern italy and into austria and down through map of europe europe map huge repository of european map of europe 2018 the map of europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size europe map map of europe information and interesting europe map explore this map of europe which is the world s second smallest continent having 50 sovereign countries the continent of europe occupies 6 8 of the total land area on earth as shown in the map of europe that it holds small percentage of land worldwide austria map geography of austria map of austria the house of habsburg became one of the most important aristocratic royal houses of europe best known for being the origin of all of the formally elected holy roman emperors between 1438 and 1740 as well as rulers of the austrian empire and spanish empire as well as several other countries alps wikipedia the alps are a crescent shaped geographic feature of central europe that ranges in a 800 km 500 mi arc straight line from east to west and is 200 km 120 mi in width geology of the alps wikipedia the alps form part of a cenozoic orogenic belt of mountain chains called the alpide belt that stretches through southern europe and asia from the atlantic all the way to the himalayas europe historical maps perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 general orography map histoire et geographie de l europe europe middle east and north africa mountains map click on a mountain name in the list here below to display the location of this mountain range its local name its length and highest summit