Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the land link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old since its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct upon a spectrum rather than taking into consideration a sharp dividing line. The geographic link up along with Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is divided into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient history and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, concerning all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to militant economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the united States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into account a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later than the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies in the middle of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls among most of its zealot states.
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maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent pre and post world war 1 map comparison mr knight map of europe before and after world war 1 what new countries did the treaty of versailles and the treaty of breast litovsk create before world war 1 after world war 1 map of europe during ww1 map of europe in ww1 also known as the first world war and before the outbreak of world war ii as the great war world war i involved most of the countries of europe and was fought primarily in europe animated map shows how world war i changed europe s borders world war i involved 32 nations from 1914 to 1919 it redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in europe the collapse of the russian empire created poland the baltics and finland maps europe after world war one 1920 21 diercke europe after world war one 1920 21 national boundaries in europe were redrawn after the first world war germany was forced to relinquish territories under the terms of the treaty of versailles signed in 1919 40 maps that explain world war i vox com the great war killed 10 million people redrew the map of europe and marked the rise of the united states as a global power here are 40 maps that explain the conflict why it started how the europe before world war one 1914 russia austria hungary bulgaria greece serbia albania montenegro persia ottoman empire norway finland sweden ireland spain italy france portugal belgium romania europe before 1914 the british library considering factors such as globalization and military advancement professor david stevenson examines the political and diplomatic landscape of europe before the outbreak of world war one first world war nationalarchives gov uk europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1914 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe