Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the house be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times back its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than when a brilliant dividing line. The geographic link up along with Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is separated into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the stop of ancient history and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, on all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, bearing in mind the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls in the midst of most of its aficionado states.
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40 maps that explain world war i vox com the great war killed 10 million people redrew the map of europe and marked the rise of the united states as a global power here are 40 maps that explain the conflict why it started how the map of europe during wwi and travel information download map of map of europe during wwi and travel information animated map shows how world war i changed europe s borders world war i involved 32 nations from 1914 to 1919 it redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in europe the collapse of the russian empire created poland the baltics and finland europe world war i historical mapchart create your own free custom historical map of europe at the start of world war i in 3 easy steps map of europe during ww1 maps world war i battle of map of europe pre world war although the netherlands were neutral during wwi they were still impacted by the war european political map before posts about europe written by collector maps europe after world war one 1920 21 diercke europe after world war one 1920 21 national boundaries in europe were redrawn after the first world war germany was forced to relinquish territories under the terms of the treaty of versailles signed in 1919 pre and post world war 1 map comparison mr knight map of europe before and after world war 1 what new countries did the treaty of versailles and the treaty of breast litovsk create before world war 1 after world war 1 first world war nationalarchives gov uk europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1914 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes map of wwi eastern front 1914 emersonkent com map of the eastern front march 1916 prior to the brusilov breakthrough against austria hungary june august 1916 map of the eastern front may sept 1916 the brusilov offensive map of the battle of jutland may 31 june 1 1916 world war i in europe map maps com this overview map shows the first world war in an excellent snapshot area covered ranges as far north as finland east to persia south to libya and west to portugal details include allied movements and central powers movements as well as stars indicating major battles