Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time past its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than subsequently a brilliant dividing line. The geographic border in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient chronicles and the arrival of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the futuristic era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, nearly all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to liberal economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionado states.
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map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history wig map archive english news welcome map archive of wojskowy instytut geograficzny 1919 1939 non commercial project with scans of maps and geographic materials published by the wojskowy instytut geograficzny wig 1919 1939 german territorial losses treaty of versailles 1919 germany lost world war i in the 1919 treaty of versailles the victorious powers the united states great britain france and other allied states imposed punitive territorial military and economic provisions on defeated germany animated map shows how world war i changed europe s world war i involved 32 nations from 1914 to 1919 it redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in europe the collapse of the russian empire created poland the baltics and finland maps europe after world war one 1920 21 diercke europe after world war one 1920 21 national boundaries in europe were redrawn after the first world war germany was forced to relinquish territories under the terms of the treaty of versailles signed in 1919 invasion of poland historical atlas of europe 16 historical map of europe the mediterranean 16 september 1939 invasion of poland the signing of the molotov ribbentrop pact in august 1939 removed the threat from the soviet union allowing hitler to invade poland on 1 september two days later britain and france declared war on germany the second world war had begun mapy niemieckie 1919 1945 archiwum map wig polski niekomercyjne archiwum map wojskowego instytutu geograficznego 1919 1939 german occupied europe wikipedia german occupied europe refers to the sovereign countries of europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of nazi germany at various times between 1939 and 1945 during and shortly before world war ii generally administered by the nazi regime the farthest east in europe the animated map shows how world war i changed europe s world war i involved 32 nations from 1914 to 1919 it redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in europe the collapse of the russian empire created poland the baltics and finland belarus map geography of belarus map of belarus then came world war i a major war centered in europe that began in the summer of 1914 and lasted until november 1918 as it raged across europe belarus came under german control which continued throughout the entire conflict