Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify upon a spectrum rather than behind a bright dividing line. The geographic be next to amid Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, re every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls accompanied by most of its devotee states.
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middle ages wikipedia in the history of europe the middle ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century it began with the fall of the western roman empire and merged into the renaissance and the age of discovery map the middle ages britannica com map map the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture in fact during the 6th century constantine of antioch created a christian topography depicting middle ages definition and timeline history com history the middle ages were a period of european history between the fall of the roman empire and the beginning of the renaissance learn more about the art culture and history of the middle ages high middle ages wikipedia the high middle ages or high medieval period was the period of european history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1250 the high middle ages were preceded by the early middle ages and were followed by the late middle ages which ended around 1500 by historiographical convention the middle ages a comprehensive overview of europe 500 the middle ages were a thousand year period between the fall of the roman empire and the renaissance in which the foundations europe were laid the middle ages feudal life learner or safety and for defense people in the middle ages formed small communities around a central lord or master overview of the middle ages video khan academy the european middle ages or medieval time is roughly 1000 year span of time from the end of the roman empire in the west to the beginning of the renaissance this video gives as overview with maps and touches on the key events like the great schism crusades and black death history of europe britannica com history of europe history of european peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions its etymology is doubtful as is the physical extent of the area it designates its western frontiers seem clearly defined by its major events in the middle ages middle ages this brief timeline of middle ages events mentions details of the major events during the middle ages which were significant to the lives and incidences of famous people kings and lords of the middle ages middle ages science medieval period history of science many historians regard western europe after the fall of the roman empire as completely a barren wilderness in the history of science contemptuously they give medieval europe the dark ages