Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the estate be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than taking into account a smart dividing line. The geographic affix along with Europe and Asia does not follow any give access boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is at odds into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, all but all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to ahead of its time economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the allied States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the manner of the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a separate embassy entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be next to and immigration controls accompanied by most of its enthusiast states.
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atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons atlas of the middle ages selected modern and old maps showing the history of the early middle ages for the entire material wikimedia commons has concerning that period please refer to category early middle ages map the middle ages britannica com map map the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture in fact during the 6th century constantine of antioch created a christian topography depicting map europe in the middle ages text map of cities in europe in the middle ages medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts falconer of the european middle ages medieval jousting tournament fifteenth century cannon joan of arc s entry into orleans william the conqueror pepin the short 714 768 c e middle ages books and films middle ages outlines and powerpoints middle ages maps and pictures middle ages online study games middle ages miscellany middle ages printable worksheets all materials on middle ages maps by history link 101 middle ages maps welcome to history link 101 s middle ages map page here you will find excellent links maps of the middle ages historical maps from university of texas at austin medievaleuropeonline maps maps here are downloadable pdfs of all the maps used in medieval europe a short history 11th edition maps for chapter 1 romans christians and barbarians 1 1 the roman empire during the pax romana 1 2 barbarian settlement c 500 maps for chapter 2 early western christendom c 500 700 2 1 physical map of europe geography maps middle ages for kids europe s many regions medieval europe geography maps of war animated copycat continent game ng continents of the world interactive map spread of the black plaque european geography games interactive quiz about the middle ages with answers history of europe the middle ages britannica com history of europe history of europe the middle ages the period of european history extending from about 500 to 1400 1500 ce is traditionally known as the middle ages the term was first used by 15th century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the western roman empire the period is often considered to europe in the middle ages europe in the middle ages vocabulary 1 apprentice person who learns a craft or trade from a master of that trade 2 asia minor what turkey was called in the middle ages 3 baron member of the nobility in a feudal society 4 bubonic plague disease which killed millions during the middle ages and was spread from rats to humans through middle ages wikipedia the most commonly given starting point for the middle ages is around 500 with the date of 476 first used by bruni later starting dates are sometimes used in the outer parts of europe for europe as a whole 1500 is often considered to be the end of the middle ages but there is no