Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend on a spectrum rather than subsequently a smart dividing line. The geographic connect amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient archives and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the campaigner era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, all but every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to futuristic economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, similar to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the manner of the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls along with most of its devotee states.
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europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end map of europe with rivers and mountain ranges and travel map of map of europe with rivers and mountain ranges and travel information europe atlas the mountains of europe and mediterranean basin europe middle east and north africa mountains map click on a mountain name in the list here below to display the location of this mountain range its local name its length and highest summit europe physical map freeworldmaps net physical map of europe lambert equal area projection click on above map to view higher resolution image euratlas europe atlas explanation mountains of europe and the mediterranean basin you can display the main mountain ranges of the europe choose a name and highlight the position of this topographic feature on the map major mountain ranges of europe european environment agency do something for our planet print this page only if needed even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it category maps of mountain ranges of europe wikimedia commons this category has the following 16 subcategories out of 16 total maps of mountain ranges of france 9 c 2 f physical map of europe geology physical map of europe the map above reveals the physical landscape of europe there are several important mountain ranges the pyrenese mountains are the boundary between spain and france category mountain ranges of europe wikipedia pages in category mountain ranges of europe the following 27 pages are in this category out of 27 total this list may not reflect recent changes learn more list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent