France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories supplement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic next its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. extra major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, subsequent to its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of radical history’s obsolete republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating subsequently the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World deed I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining near economic and military connections similar to France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country gone the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good knack in global affairs, being one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council as soon as the faculty to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic allow in of the European union and the Eurozone, and a believer of the help of 7, North Atlantic treaty dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and further (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france in 1789 emersonkent com map description historical map of france in 1789 illustrating top left the gouvernements and their capitals top right the generalities generalites or intendancies and their capitals france 1789 ce world history timeline the free atlas of map of france 1789 ce on the verge of revolution what is happening in france in 1789ce after cardinal mazarin s death in 1661 the young king louis xiv took personal control of the government france map in 1789 makemediocrityhistory org france map in 1789 pleasant to my own weblog within this occasion we ll explain to you in relation to france map in 1789 now this is actually the first picture map of france 1769 1789 emersonkent com map description historical map of france in provinces showing the customs frontiers 1769 1789 credits university of texas at austin from the public schools historical atlas edited by c colbeck 1905 historical maps of france edmaps com france ecclesiastical map 1789 and 1802 william shepherd historical atlas 1926 french revolutionary conquests 1789 1797 france 1791 william shepherd historical atlas 1926 france en 1789 oldmapsonline org old map france en 1789 charte von frankreich nach der neuesten eintheilung in 22 militair divisionen 86 french revolution maps alphahistory com this french revolution site contains articles sources and perspectives on events in france between 1781 and 1795 this site is created and maintained by alpha history france in 1789 themaparchive com in 1789 pre revolutionary france was a jumble of mostly feudal lands 80 per cent peasant which had been acquired over preceding centuries while french was the language of the north in southern france many only spoke their regional language map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history europe in 1789 themaparchive com in 1789 the french revolution began not only did it have profound and lasting effects on the political future of france it began a series of drastic changes in the systems of power and alliances across europe