France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a sum up place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. other major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy center Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ act (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s antiquated republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating like the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came under action by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into account liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining close economic and military associates in the manner of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, brute one of the five long-lasting members of the allied Nations Security Council next the talent to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada give access of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the group of 7, North Atlantic settlement running (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france cities france map with cities and towns in 2006 although the population is still centered around paris and major cities some remote areas of cities are becoming denser strongly the largest cities of france are in order the city of paris the city of lyon the city of marseille the city of lille the city of toulouse the city of nice the city of bordeaux the city of nantes the city of strasbourg and the city of toulon map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes interactive map of france french cities regions this interactive map of france has 2 illustrated maps with information on key french cities and hot spots and 2 normal maps with regions and departments map of france major cities and travel information france major cities see where you can find the major cities of france regions and major cities population statistics france regions and major cities with population statistics maps charts weather and web information france map with major cities and travel information map of france map with major cities and travel information france cities map and travel guide tripsavvy com international tourists visit france to the tune of about 85 million per year making france the top tourist destination in the world even though it is smaller than the state of texas large detailed map of france with cities world maps description this map shows cities towns roads and railroads in france france map of cities in france mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out maps of france detailed map of france in english maps of france collection of detailed maps of france political administrative road physical topographical travel and other maps of france cities of france on the maps maps of france in english