France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories attach French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. additional major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late middle Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s archaic republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating bearing in mind the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. later liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining near economic and military associates past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good knack in global affairs, swine one of the five steadfast members of the joined Nations Security Council in the manner of the capability to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot come clean of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a believer of the help of 7, North Atlantic pact processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of basins mountains and rivers in france planetware from the paris basin in the north to the massif central pyrenees and western alps in the south france has a varied landscape that also includes many rivers a map showing the main rivers of france hotels afloat maps of the rivers in france a map showing the main rivers which flow in and through france the most well know are the major rivers such as the seine the rhone and the longest is the loire map of france with rivers and mountains and travel map of map of france with rivers and mountains and travel information map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black france physical map free world maps france geography map showing the major geographical features of france france rivers map showing the major rivers and hydrography of france france peaks map showing the highest peaks and mountains in france france geography mountains in france rivers in france geography of france 2 facts figures about the country table of contents home page email me facts figures about france basic facts french kids know or should know about their country the 5 mountain ranges the alps on the border with italy with the hightest mountain blank map of france rivers and mountains atlas maps reproduced from st hist geo co uk blank map of france with main rivers map of the mountains in france map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the jura mountain range extends over 225 miles 360 km in both france and switzerland stretching from the rhone river to the rhine much of the western sector is in france the highest peaks are in the south around geneva with the cret de la neige in ain at 5 636 feet 1 718 meters and le reculet at 5 633 feet 1 717 meters in france