France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combination area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. new major urban areas intensify Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s earliest republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating taking into consideration the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World warfare I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining near economic and military connections later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country past the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, subconscious one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council taking into consideration the capacity to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada acknowledge of the European union and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the work of 7, North Atlantic settlement processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and development (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement interactive map of france french cities regions this interactive map of france has 2 illustrated maps with information on key french cities and hot spots and 2 normal maps with regions and departments map of france regions france map with regions click on the name of a region to view its map its cities and detailed informations alsace aquitaine auvergne bassenormandie bourgogne bretagne centre champagne ardenne corse franche comte hautenormandie ile de france languedoc roussillon limousin lorraine midipyrenees nord pas de calais pays de la loire picardie poitou charentes interactive france map regions and cities linkparis com a clickable map of the regions and major cities of france click on a city or region to learn more about it discover all france has to offer france maps maps of france large detailed map of france with cities 1911×1781 2 18 mb go to map france regions map new map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine france map explore places and attractions on a detailed map of france there are several maps of france on this page please select the one you are interested in interactive map with links to all regions and departments in france france regions map and guide tripsavvy com there is tons of travel information on all the regions of france and a tour by train or car of any of these regions represents a fine way to see a bit of france maps of france about france general map of france showing main towns cities this map shows all mainland french regional capitals plus other major regional towns and cities that are not regional capitals check out the index on the right for a lot more thematic and general maps of france detailed road map of france about france com cities towns departments regions climate wine areas and other themes the french way of life a mine of information about life and living in france including working in france living in france food and eating education shopping