France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. new major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ combat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the middle of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s very old republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating later the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came under interest by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, gone most retaining close economic and military friends later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, beast one of the five enduring members of the associated Nations Security Council taking into consideration the facility to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic own up of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the society of 7, North Atlantic treaty direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and further (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france departments france map with departments the department is the second level administrative division of france this division into departments is between the region and the district each department belongs to a single region france departments map chart create your own free custom map of france departments useful for making a french election map download it and use it for a great visual representation interactive map of france french cities regions this interactive map of france has 2 illustrated maps with information on key french cities and hot spots and 2 normal maps with regions and departments map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement map of the french departments france pub map showing the departments and counties in france file map of urban areas of france with communes and this file contains additional information such as exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera scanner or software program used to create or digitize it clickable map of france departments crwflags com anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page the departments of france about france the departments of france france in europe excluding overseas territories departements are the second tier administrative subdivisions of france below the regions maps of france detailed map of france in english maps of france collection of detailed maps of france political administrative road physical topographical travel and other maps of france cities of france on the maps maps of france in english departments of france wikipedia in the administrative divisions of france the department french departement pronounced depaʁtəmɑ is one of the three levels of government below the national level territorial collectivities between the administrative regions and the commune