Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than as soon as a smart dividing line. The geographic attach between Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient archives and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, not far off from all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, bearing in mind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, next the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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german occupied europe wikipedia german occupied europe refers to the sovereign countries of europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of nazi germany at various times between 1938 and 1945 during and shortly before world war ii generally administered by the nazi regime the farthest east in germany the nazis maps german occupied europe in 1942 germany dominated most of europe greater germany had been enlarged at the expense of its neighbors austria and luxembourg were completely incorporated escape routes from german occupied europe 1942 the throughout most of german occupied europe the germans sought to round up and deport jews to killing centers in occupied poland some jews survived by hiding or escaping from german controlled europe eve of barbarossa historical atlas of europe 21 june historical map of europe the mediterranean 21 june 1941 eve of barbarossa british forces successfully ended german influence in iraq and syria but narrowly failed to defeat a german airborne invasion of crete for hitler though this was all a sideshow his focus was now on his 3 million man military build up for the invasion of the german rule in occupied europe the holocaust encyclopedia german rule in occupied europe germany planned to annex most of the conquered eastern territories after they had been germanized while some areas were to serve as reservations for forced laborers most were to be resettled by german colonists map of nazi camps in occupied europe throughout german occupied europe millions of jews were deported to death camps in poland where they were systematically killed and to concentration camps for forced labor maps of germany map of europe in english map of germany collection of detailed maps of germany political administrative road physical topographical travel and other maps of germany world war ii german occupied europe britannica com german occupied europe hitler s racist ideology and his brutal conception of power politics caused him to pursue certain aims in those european countries conquered by the germans in the period 1939 42 world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons saint lo and vicinity german dispositions night of 24 25 july 1944 saint lo and vicinity operation cobra 25 29 july 1944 after operation cobra us advance into brittany 1 to 12 august 1944 allied occupied germany wikipedia post nazi german occupation borders and territories from 1945 to 1949 british green french blue american orange and soviet red occupation zones