Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies innate geography, the estate be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than once a sharp dividing line. The geographic affix in the midst of Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is estranged into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient chronicles and the initiation of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, approximately all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later than a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, gone the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies along with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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list of european islands by area wikipedia islands of svalbard are in the same category whereas for example islands of greenland are considered part of north america the figures of bolshoy berezovy storoya and wahlbergoya are rough estimates from map europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area map of europe lonely planet map of europe and travel information about europe brought to you by lonely planet best islands in europe europe s best destinations they can be large or small sometimes islands can be found few meters from the shores or in the middle of the ocean waiting for you to discover them purchase your ticket for the most beautiful islands in europe and get ready to travel europe map mapcarta europe s well preserved cultural heritage open borders and efficient infrastructure make visiting a breeze and you ll rarely have to travel more than a few hours before you can immerse yourself in a new culture 10 best islands to visit in europe escapehere the islands in europe provide travelers with a unique experience that is not often found in landlocked areas the islands have distinctive cultures and some of the most amazing views in the world travelers will want to consider visiting some or all of the ten best islands in europe this greek the 20 best islands in europe world of wanderlust the 20 best islands in europe europe is filled with endless explorations to be had especially in the warmer months when travellers from all over the world make their way to the mediterranean and beyond for island adventures comprehensive map of the caribbean sea and islands additionally moll most likely through his acquaintance with pirates william dampier and woodes rogers offers a wealth of information on the traffic of silver bearing spanish treasure fleets en route from the mexican port of veracruz through the islands to spanish ports in europe map of europe europe map huge repository of european map of europe 2018 the map of europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size list of islands of europe wikipedia this is a list of the larger offshore islands of europe