Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than later than a brilliant dividing line. The geographic attach amid Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, nearly every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, as soon as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls in the midst of most of its fanatic states.
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top 10 highest peaks in europe places to see in your europe is actually home to a myriad of world famous world class mountains particularly those with impressively high peaks so for the adventure travelers who isn t afraid of a little snow we ve compiled a list of the highest peaks in europe the ones that should be highest on your list europe atlas the mountains of europe and mediterranean basin europe middle east and north africa mountains map click on a mountain name in the list here below to display the location of this mountain range its local name its length and highest summit for each mountain a proportional red bar shows the height of the highest point and a proportional green bar shows the length of the mountain range europe physical map freeworldmaps net physical map of europe lambert equal area projection click on above map to view higher resolution image europe mountain ranges map quiz game europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end most of the ranges are concentrated in southern europe physical atlas of europe mountains of europe online web version of the euratlas physical atlas of europe geographic maps showing the orography of europe that is the relief the main mountains and mountain ranges of this continent europe is shown as a cultural area in a broad sense north africa and near east are appearing too on the maps list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent the european 100 finest mountains ranked by primary factor the european 100 finest mountains ranked by primary factor the list below identifies and ranks the 100 european mountains with the largest prominence or primary factor climbing peaks on this list will get you all over europe to experience great diversity and incredibly breathtaking views a vertical ascent on foot of at least 600 meter should europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area euratlas europe atlas home page of the euratlas europe atlas maps of the european and mediterranean countries with their local and english names their position their population flags and life expectancy maps of the main cities the main mountain ranges and the main rivers a separate section is dedicated to the special status territories list of highest points of european countries wikipedia kosovo has two entries for more details about serbian and kosovan highest points and ranks see talk page as well as the discussion at list of mountains in kosovo and its talk page three other entries of partially recognized countries with highest points in europe are listed and ranked in italic