Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature since its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than similar to a smart dividing line. The geographic be close to along with Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is divided into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the end of ancient history and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, on all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the associated States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, past the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a sever diplomatic entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls accompanied by most of its devotee states.
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map of northern europe countries and iceland free download northern europe generally refers to the northern parts of europe the country which is in northern europe is iceland map of northern faroe islands denmark norway sweden finland estonia latvia and lithuania maps of northern european countries visited by cruise ships late summer repositioning cruises sometimes cross the northern atlantic route and include stopovers in iceland or greenland as they sail between europe and north america map of northern europe world maps map of northern europe click to see large description this map shows governmental boundaries countries and their capitals in northern europe countries of northern europe iceland sweden united kingdom ireland norway lithuania latvia estonia finland russia denmark go back to see more maps of europe map of northern europe and iceland bestmapof com northern europe generally refers to the northern parts of europe the country which is in northern europe is iceland map of northern faroe islands denmark norway sweden finland estonia the countries of northern europe worldatlas com northern europe is the geographic region that covers the northern part of the european continent it consists of eight countries denmark estonia finland iceland latvia lithuania norway and sweden some definitions of the region sometimes also include the united kingdom ireland northern map of northern europe northern europe political map home europe atlas northern europe map northern europe is the northern part or region of europe the united nations defines northern europe as including the following countries and dependent regions denmark faroe islands estonia finland aland islands iceland ireland latvia lithuania norway svalbard and jan mayen sweden united kingdom