France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic when its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. additional major urban areas attach Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ skirmish (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating gone the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World battle I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. next liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was traditional and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, later than most retaining near economic and military links following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, bodily one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council subsequent to the facility to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter make a clean breast of the European union and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic agreement dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france belgium and the netherlands map natgeomaps com this detailed map of france belgium and the netherlands is unique in its focus on these three particular countries features a list of the departements or administrative divisions for each country and their capitals includes inset maps of paris amsterdam and brussels published in june 1960 netherlands belgium to the west of france route and through holland and belgium the e19 in the south of the netherlands is the dutch a16 motorway on entering belgium after breda it becomes the belgian a1 motorway which is followed as far as brussels michelin benelux northern france road atlas this road atlas to benelux and northern france has a clear 1 150 000 scale which is easy to read and the europe map at the back is ideal for route planning belgium and luxembourg france and the neth map of belgium and france recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran map of belgium and northern france british army first map of belgium and northern france moderator june 5 2014 belgium france holland map lantern slide from a box of 70 lantern slides associated with the german invasion of belgium 1914 political map of france monaco luxembourg belgium france is located in west europe and the territory includes the island of corsica in the mediterranean sea as well as various other overseas departments and territories road map france belgium the netherlands road map road map france belgium the netherlands road map europe aa publishing on amazon com free shipping on qualifying offers with a 1 800 000 scale 1cm to 8km this road map features eight city and town plans and a place name index netherlands map geography of netherlands map of at the end of the last ice age the low countries now called belgium luxembourg and the netherlands were inhabited by scattered hunter gather groups 8 000 years later when the roman empire was first coming to power varied northern european tribes had settled in including the celts frisians and saxons germany and netherlands map mapsof net hover to zoom map click on the germany and netherlands map to view it full screen file type png file size 190706 bytes 186 24 kb map dimensions 1373px x 1509px 256 colors north of france map the map of northern france with best the history of france france history french history by travel france vacation the plants and animals of france travel france vacation the culture of france art architecture literature movies cinema music sports