France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tote up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. additional major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s earliest republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating following the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, as soon as most retaining close economic and military connections bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, instinctive one of the five permanent members of the united Nations Security Council as soon as the facility to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member make a clean breast of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic concurrence admin (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of perpignan michelin perpignan map viamichelin perpignan map perpignan michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 perpignan languedoc roussillon map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for perpignan languedoc roussillon check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit perpignan maps france maps of perpignan perpignan maps perpignan location map full size online map of perpignan large detailed tourist map of perpignan 4961×7382 9 54 mb go to map perpignan city centre map with sightseeing 4299×3473 6 58 mb go to map perpignan transport map 5020×3544 6 25 mb go to map transport map of surroundings of perpignan 5020×3544 3 84 mb go to map about perpignan the facts region perpignan map of perpignan 66100 or 66000 france the city of perpignan is a big french city located south of france the city of perpignan is located in the department of pyrenees orientales of the french region languedoc roussillon perpignan satellite map online map of perpignan france online map of perpignan street map and satellite map perpignan france on googlemap travelling to perpignan france its geographical coordinates are 42 41 51 n 002 53 43 e find out more with this detailed interactive online map of perpignan provided by google maps perpignan map france google satellite maps welcome to the perpignan google satellite map this place is situated in perpignan pyrenees orientales languedoc roussillon france its geographical coordinates are 42 41 0 north 2 53 0 east and its original name with diacritics is perpignan around perpignan france google my maps towns and villages of interest around perpignan france perpignan travel languedoc roussillon france lonely framed by the peaks of the pyrenees perpignan radiates out from the tight knot of the old town s warren of alleys palm shaded squares and shabby tenements painted in shades of lemon peach and tangerine perpignan 2019 best of perpignan france tourism within easy reach of both the mediterranean and the spanish borders perpignan blurs the line between french and catalan cultures the meandering palm dotted old town is anchored by a rust colored romanesque palace a relic from when the city ruled the kingdom of mallorca perpignan wikipedia like the rest of the south of france perpignan is a rugby stronghold their rugby union side usap perpignan is a regular competitor in the global elite heineken cup and seven times champion of the french top 14 most recently in 2009