Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies living thing geography, the house be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time since its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than as soon as a bright dividing line. The geographic border in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any disclose boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the end of ancient chronicles and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, all but every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the manner of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, like the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a separate political entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the middle of most of its fanatic states.
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balkan wars 1912 1913 international encyclopedia of the the balkan wars were two sharp conflicts that heralded the onset of world war i in the first balkan war a loose alliance of balkan states eliminated the ottoman empire from most of europe in the second balkan war the erstwhile allies fought among themselves for the ottoman spoils imperial german navy wikipedia the imperial german navy german kaiserliche marine imperial navy was the navy created at the time of the formation of the german empire it existed between 1871 and 1919 growing out of the small prussian navy from 1867 the north german federal navy which primarily had the mission of coastal defence