Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies bodily geography, the estate attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older back its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than subsequently a bright dividing line. The geographic be close to between Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient archives and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advanced era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, in relation to all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to unbiased economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later than the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a remove political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls along with most of its enthusiast states.
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world war i wikipedia world war i often abbreviated as wwi or ww1 also known as the first world war or the great war was a global war originating in europe that lasted from 28 july 1914 to 11 november 1918 warfare 1914 1918 germany international encyclopedia germany entered the first world war as one of the era s mightiest military powers in 1914 germany s understanding of war was strongly influenced by four decades of peace and by its geostrategic situation sykes picot agreement wikipedia map signed by sykes and picot enclosed in paul cambon s 9 may 1916 letter to sir edward grey germany map map of germany information and interesting the largest national economy in europe germany is a federal parliamentary republic located in western central part of the continent it is officially known as the federal republic of germany and has a population of 82 665 600 as of june 2017 prisoners of war international encyclopedia of the first the first world war marked the shift from a 19 th century relatively ad hoc management of prisoners of war to the 20 th century s sophisticated prisoner of war camp systems with their bureaucratic management rationalization of the labour use of prisoners and complex modern logistical and security apparatuses world war 1 casualties as a percentage of pre war map created by reddit user lanson15 the map above reveals a rather shocking aspect of the first world war while most people in western europe and north america focus on the trench warfare in northern france and belgium it shows that western european countries were nowhere close to suffering the worst casualty rates in the war europe ports of call disney cruise line get an overview of port of call stops on disney cruise line vacations to northern europe and the mediterranean in norway iceland russia italy spain and more coins and currency of eastern europe joelscoins com coins currency of east europe a selection of historic coins and banknotes from pre communist communist and post communist eastern europe silver coin from the italian occupation of albania