France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. supplementary major urban areas swell Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, in the manner of its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s olden republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into account the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating bearing in mind the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. bearing in mind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, next most retaining close economic and military associates once France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, brute one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council when the talent to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic declare of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the help of 7, North Atlantic deal direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhancement (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france showing different regions and provinces french map of france showing the 22 different regions and provinces in france including corica island and the capital city paris provinces of france wikipedia provinces of france in 1789 relative to the modern borders of france note the comtat venaissin annexed 1791 mulhouse annexed 1798 montbeliard annexed 1816 savoy and nice annexed 1860 and small portions of other provinces were not part of the kingdom of france map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history clickable map of france traditional provinces anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page provinces map of france istanbul city guide com explore provinces map of france ragions map satellite images of france cities maps political physical map of france get driving directions and traffic map map of france provinces and travel information download map of map of france provinces and travel information provinces of france summary descriptions provinces of france t his page provides summary descriptions of france s 22 provincial regions listing geographic size population figures administrative capitals and brief information on resources and economy information about all the 13 regions of france how many regions are there in france answer from 1st january 2016 mainland france is now divided into 13 5 overseas administrative regions the government agreed on a major administrative reorganisation of the country map of france france regions rough guides from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent the 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments while the overseas regions consist