Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies swine geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than taking into consideration a smart dividing line. The geographic be next to in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient archives and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unprejudiced era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, re every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social bend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the associated States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, gone a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later than the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies surrounded by a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the fall of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls in the midst of most of its believer states.
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map of southern europe and northern africa and travel map of map of southern europe and northern africa and travel information north africa map map of northern africa printable north north africa or northern africa is the northernmost region of the african continent linked by the sahara to sub saharan africa geopolitically the united nations definition of northern africa includes seven countries or territories algeria egypt libya morocco sudan tunisia and western sahara algeria morocco tunisia mauritania and map of europe and northern africa africa map map of africa with countries and capitals travel information about africa map of northern europe world maps map of northern europe click to see large description this map shows governmental boundaries countries and their capitals in northern europe countries of northern europe iceland sweden united kingdom ireland norway lithuania latvia estonia finland russia denmark go back to see more maps of europe europe map asia map africa map north america map south america map oceania europe map maps of europe map of europe with countries and capitals 3750×2013 1 23 mb go to map political map of europe physical map of europe western asia and northern africa map description physical map of europe western asia and northern africa illustrating areas above 5000 feet areas above 1600 feet areas above 600 feet europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area political map of northern africa and the middle east map is showing the countries of the upper northern part of africa the middle east and the arabian peninsula with international borders the national capitals and major cities southern europe wikipedia southern europe is the southern region of the european continent most definitions of southern europe also known as mediterranean europe include italy malta corsica greece croatia bosnia and herzegovina montenegro albania slovenia spain east thrace of european turkey cyprus and northern cyprus europe north africa and southwest asia library of the library of congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any u s copyright protection see title 17 of the united states code or any other restrictions in the map collection materials