France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. extra major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late center Ages, taking into consideration its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s antiquated republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating considering the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World deed II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining close economic and military contacts taking into account France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, swine one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council like the talent to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer acknowledge of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the society of 7, North Atlantic deal government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and innovation (OECD), the World Trade doling out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of southern france region in france welt atlas de map of southern france region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks france cities map and travel guide tripsavvy com southern france if you re interested in castles and walled cities you shouldn t miss carcassonne one of the larger cities in the aude department of the languedoc region commonly known as cathar country where the religious sect known as the cathars retreated to remote castles to avoid religious persecution the south of france an essential travel guide the south of france from the riviera to the pyrenees click any yellowed area on the map to open up a more detailed page or pages map of france cities france map with cities and towns northern france is the most populated with about 40 million people or 2 3 of the population against approximately 22 5 million in the south or 1 3 of the population metropolitan france only large detailed map of france with cities world maps description this map shows cities towns roads and railroads in france map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes map of france and italy recana masana map of france and italy map of france and italy reproduced from www acprail map of italy and france via alpina map via alpina detailed road map of france map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes france map of cities in france mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out places to visit in france 50 most beautiful cities and towns there are lots of amazing places to visit in france including natural attractions breathtaking sights and monuments and beautiful and romantic cities towns and charming villages