Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the forlorn European country to have a physical link up in the manner of an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are after that portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary taking into account Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas tally Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula almost 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along next ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman regard as being in the region of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician proclaim Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and traditional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse every unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the beforehand eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection solitary a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the introduction of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. similar to the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in the future highly developed period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were with many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish theoretical work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, past King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall allowance country, subsequently the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a believer of the joined Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the dispensation of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and early payment (OECD), doling out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade direction (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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canary islands maps spain maps of canary islands about canary islands the facts capital santa cruz de tenerife and las palmas de gran canaria cities and resorts arrecife costa adeje la laguna los cristianos playa de las americas puerto de la cruz corralejo maspalomas playa blanca puerto rico de gran canaria canary islands map spain mapcarta the canary islands are an atlantic territory of spain off the coast of morocco and western sahara the canary archipelago consists of 8 inhabited islands and a few smaller uninhabited ones spain map large clear plus balearics canary islands best tourist season april october tho the coasts and islands are often fine and fairly warm in winter the north and mountains are cooler and marginally less crowded in the summer canary islands map geography of canary islands map of a recession hit the canary islands during the 18th century due to stiff competition from spain s american colonies and the islanders sought a new cash crop known as cochineal in an attempt to save the faltering economy canary islands area map u s news travel the canary islands archipelago is a string of seven islands closer to morocco than to their mother country spain the islands are home to more than 2 million people and their main trade is tourism where are the canary islands located all about spain the canary islands are located in the atlantic ocean south west of spain and north west of africa they are directly in front of the coast of morocco gran canaria maps canary islands spain map of gran about gran canaria autonomous community canary islands province las palmas area 600 sq mi 1 560 sq km population 840 000 largest cities las palmas map of canary islands lonelyplanet com map of canary islands and travel information about canary islands brought to you by lonely planet canary islands wikipedia at present the canary islands is the only autonomous community in spain that has two capitals santa cruz de tenerife and las palmas de gran canaria since the statute of autonomy of the canary islands was created in 1982 map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet