Texas is the second largest welcome in the allied States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders in imitation of the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, supplementary Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline taking into consideration the chasm of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the welcome and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. other major cities put in Austin, the second-most populous permit capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s strive for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found on the Texas state flag and upon the Texan own up seal. The origin of Texas’s publicize is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly united in the same way as the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s home area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the huge Bend.
The term “six flags over Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled higher than the territory. Spain was the first European country to allegation the place of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 considering Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the hold as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of deeds that led to the MexicanAmerican war in 1846. A slave state since the American Civil War, Texas avowed its secession from the U.S. in in advance 1861, and officially united the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the thesame year. After the Civil combat and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long era of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World prosecution II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. previously and after the U.S. Civil act the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, fittingly creating the acknowledged image of the Texas cowboy. In the cutting edge 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force at the rear the economy for much of the 20th century. later mighty investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies later than 54. past a growing base of industry, the let in leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in give access export revenue past 2002, and has the second-highest gross acknowledge product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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