Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch back its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust upon a spectrum rather than later than a sharp dividing line. The geographic be next to between Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is estranged into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the end of ancient records and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, vis–vis every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in imitation of the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the fall of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls in the course of most of its zealot states.
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maps europe during the first crusades in the late 12th europe during the first crusades in the late 12th century christianity was firmly established nearly everywhere in europe by 1200 ad following the conquest of spain by the moors in the 8th century however islam had spread to north africa the middle east central asia and in the 11th century to india as well europe during the crusades 1095 1270 map of a map of europe during the crusades period showing the various lands and kingdoms including the german empire france kingdoms of norway and sweden republic of novgorod kaptchak prussia saxony kingdom of austria lombardia the norman states aragon kingdom of castile mussulman kingdom kingdom of leon kingdom of england and map of the crusades 1096 1204 1164 652 europe misleading title the map shows only a small part of the crusades most of them were against europeans both pagan and christian where they genocided entire nations worth of people anywhere between 200 000 to 1 000 000 000 people butchered in just one campaign agaisnt cathars map of the era of the crusades emersonkent com map description history map the era of the crusades 1095 1272 western empire eastern empire kingdom of the two sicilies kingdom of iconium or rum mapa interactive map of the crusades god wills it that was the battle cry of the thousands of christians who joined crusades to free the holy land from the turks from 1096 to 1270 there were eight major crusades and two children s crusades both in the year 1212 map of the first crusade 1095 1099 world history for the map description historical map of the first crusade 1095 1099 credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history the crusades 1096 1204 map collection enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email join 91 other followers follow category maps of the crusades wikimedia commons media in category maps of the crusades the following 186 files are in this category out of 186 total the crusades in the holy land explorethemed news of the loss of jerusalem back in europe prompted the call for a third crusade king richard the lionheart of england philip ii of france and frederick i barbarossa emperor of the holy roman empire mainly germany all headed the call crusades in the holy land europe historical maps what others are saying crusade in the holy land map on june the crusaders reached their goal the city of jerusalem the city was in no position to defend itself