France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. new major urban areas increase Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy middle Ages, in the manner of its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s dated republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. afterward the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating later the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World achievement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World raid II, but came below hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military friends as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, visceral one of the five steadfast members of the associated Nations Security Council subsequently the aptitude to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member welcome of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic pact meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the tour de france 2014 in english route and map tour de france in the uk 2014 the 101st edition of the tour de france started in the uk starting from the city of leeds riders enjoyed two days of cycling through the spectacular scenery of yorkshire before a third day s riding on the flatter land of the southeast between cambridge and london tour de france 2014 route and stages cyclingstage com tour de france 2014 route and stages saturday july 5th the 2014 tour de france starts in leeds england the closing stage on july 27th finishes as per usual on the champs elysees in paris tour de france 2014 map recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran tour de france 2014 route map recana masana tour de france 2014 stage 1 of the 2014 tour de here is the map for stage two of the tour de france 2014 tour de france 2014 schedule tour de france 2014 wikipedia die tour de france 2014 fand vom 5 juli bis 27 juli 2014 statt und war die 101 austragung des wichtigsten etappenradrennens der welt die tour startete in leeds und endete nach 21 etappen traditionsgemass auf der avenue des champs elysees in paris tour de france 2014 route map cyclingnews tour de france 2014 race map we are supported by our audience when you purchase through links on our site we may earn an affiliate commission the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a tour of eastern and southern france the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders site officiel du tour de france 2019 letour fr le tour de france salue felice gimondi un de ses plus jeunes vainqueurs avant egan bernal felice gimondi etait le plus jeune a avoir ramene le maillot jaune a paris a 22 ans 9 mois et 15 jours soit precisement trois mois de plus que le colombien tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the like 2018 the tour de france is expected to include the alps first in week two and the pyrenees second in the final phase it will involve some transfers and criss crossing france 2019 tour de france wikipedia the 2019 tour de france was the 106th edition of the tour de france one of cycling s three grand tours the 3 480 km 2 162 mi long race consisted of 21 stages starting on 6 july in brussels belgium and concluding on 28 july with the champs elysees stage in paris