Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies bodily geography, the home connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust upon a spectrum rather than subsequent to a bright dividing line. The geographic attach in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any divulge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is estranged into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the stop of ancient history and the initiation of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, in the region of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into account a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be next to and immigration controls accompanied by most of its believer states.
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maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent animated map shows how world war i changed europe s world war i involved 32 nations from 1914 to 1919 it redrew the world map and reshaped many borders in europe the collapse of the russian empire created poland the baltics and finland maps europe after world war one 1920 21 diercke europe after world war one 1920 21 national boundaries in europe were redrawn after the first world war germany was forced to relinquish territories under the terms of the treaty of versailles signed in 1919 world war ii in europe every day youtube ww2 in the pacific every day https www youtube com watch v 6 1rzp2yvxq ww2 on all fronts every day https www youtube com watch v wzjasarq8c4 this video pre and post world war 1 map comparison mr knight map of europe before and after world war 1 what new countries did the treaty of versailles and the treaty of breast litovsk create before world war 1 after world war 1 world war ii in europe the holocaust encyclopedia world war ii maps the holocaust took place in the broader context of world war ii still reeling from germany s defeat in world war i hitler s government envisioned a vast new empire of living space in eastern europe world war one the british library bl uk supported by over 500 historical sources from across europe 50 newly commissioned articles written by historians teachers notes and more this resource examines key themes in the history of world war one aftermath of world war i wikipedia the aftermath of world war i saw drastic political cultural economic and social change across eurasia europe and asia africa and even in areas outside those that were directly involved cold war europe 1949 1989 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in the cold war era in this historical map quiz the cold war was a political conflict between the united states and its allies in western europe on one side and the ussr and its sphere of influence in the east first world war nationalarchives gov uk the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes close window