France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enlarge French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into account its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. extra major urban areas enlarge Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ skirmish (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of radical history’s olden republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. afterward the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating past the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World warfare I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was traditional and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military friends like France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving almost 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great talent in global affairs, brute one of the five long-lasting members of the allied Nations Security Council following the skill to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada declare of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the society of 7, North Atlantic agreement government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and take forward (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes map of southern france region in france welt atlas de map of southern france region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks south of france map coast kameroperafestival map of south france euro trip in 2019 france map south of map of france plan your holiday in france with gite com south of france travel france travel france map antibes france ports cute map of south france coast diamant ltd com map of south france euro trip in 2019 france map south of provence camping adventures from the map of provence south coast of france the picturesque fishing village of cassis is one of many lovely towns in french region of provence the south of france an essential travel guide a short guide to le midi the south of france from the french riviera to the pyrenees its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest its coast its beaches its mountains its heritage and other points of interest south france google my maps open full screen to view more south france collapse map legend south west of france map the map of south western france france time in france shoes and clothes sizes temperatures metric conversion conversion tables for france electricity in paris and france electric supplies in france communications in france internet mail phone from paris and france french riviera map and guide tripsavvy com the french riviera starts with france s largest resort town nice just to the west of nice center is the nice cote d azur airport close to town and a convenient arrival point to visit tourist destinations in the area guide to places to go in france south of france and provence france s mediterranean coast and the lands to its north includes the ancient regions of provence and languedoc the vivid colours of the region inspired generations of painters who lived here including van gogh cezanne renoir matisse and picasso the french coast and the beaches of france a guide the south coast of france is conveniently divided into two sections west of the rhone languedoc and east of the rhone provence riviera languedoc offers mile upon mile of sandy seashores though the mediterranean being non tidal these sandy beaches are not generally as broad as those of the atlantic coast