Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the estate attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch since its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a smart dividing line. The geographic be next to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is at odds into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the initiation of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the objector era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, in relation to every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to innovative economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the associated States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, when the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionada states.
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european history 1914 ce timemaps the past decades have seen europe torn apart and its map radically redrawn by world war 1 1914 18 and the treaty of versailles the great depression the rise of nazi germany world war 2 1939 45 and now the cold war european borders in 1914 vs european borders today for example the republic ireland is an independent country and no longer part of the united kingdom also france no longer controls the states of north africa as it did in 1914 finally by 1914 while the ottoman empire had largely retreated from europe it still had nominal control over most of the middle east map of europe 1914 emersonkent com home history maps europe 1914 reference maps on world war i 1914 1918 map of europe in 1914 allied central and neutral powers map of the western front in 1914 map of the eastern front in 1914 map of the ottoman empire 1914 map of the serbian campaign august december 1914 historical atlas of europe 5 september 1914 great retreat historical map of europe the mediterranean 5 september 1914 great retreat the first weeks of wwi saw a confusing array of clashes as germany invaded belgium france invaded germany russia invaded both germany and austria hungary and austria hungary invaded serbia the most successful of these attackers was germany which overran map of europe in 1914 europeana blog it has become part of the individual and collective memory of europe and of countries across the world in this blog the staatsbibliothek zu berlin highlight a remarkable piece from its world war one collection a satirical map of the nations of europe as seen in 1914 german text below a satirical map of europe 1914 europe map 1914 worldmap1 com at europe map 1914 pagepage view political map of europe physical map country maps satellite images photos and where is europe location in world map maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe in some ways the map was easier to read because many of the countries that we now know were part of larger empires that no longer exist first world war nationalarchives gov uk europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1914 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes 40 maps that explain world war i vox com 40 maps that explain world war i by zack beauchamp timothy b lee and matthew yglesias on august 4 2014 one hundred years ago today on august 4 1914 german troops began pouring