France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. supplementary major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late center Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s early republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into account the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating following the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, considering most retaining near economic and military contacts like France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country afterward the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, subconscious one of the five unshakable members of the allied Nations Security Council bearing in mind the faculty to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic state of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the action of 7, North Atlantic pact dispensation (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france france regions rough guides plan your trip around france with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france map of france regions france map with regions before 2016 france was divided in 27 regions with 22 regions in metropolitan france corsica counting 5 overseas regions which are also departments guadeloupe martinique guyana reunion and mayotte france regions map and guide tripsavvy com mainland france is divided into 13 regions five are overseas the regions are further broken down into departements if you are planning a french getaway it might help to get your bearings first map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions france regions map by provence beyond map of metropolitan france showing the 13 new regions before the change of january 2016 there were 28 regions including 21 metropolitan and 7 overseas regions there are now 18 total regions with 13 metropolitan and 7 overseas france regions map about france com click on any region or area on the map for essential area information and tourist guide this map shows the 13 administrative regions of france in europe as in 2018 twelve continental regions plus the island of corsica it does not include the overseas regions such as guadaloupe and martinique pre 2016 regions that have been merged into larger regions are shown in red type france maps maps of france large detailed map of france with cities 1911×1781 2 18 mb go to map france regions map new france map explore places and attractions on a detailed each of these individual regions departments and places on francethisway also has a more detailed map showing many of the highlights and places in that french region or near the selected destination interactive map of france french cities regions france today is the leading website and print magazine written for an international audience of educated francophiles interested in french travel culture gastronomy shopping entertainment art design society history regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent