France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. supplementary major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of objector history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. behind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating behind the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World conflict II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining close economic and military associates in imitation of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, swine one of the five permanent members of the united Nations Security Council later than the faculty to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer declare of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a believer of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic pact meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1300 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1300 medieval france maps home page pitt edu for the location of major monuments see maps included on their individualpages unless otherwise noted all maps in this section are from medieval france medieval french people charles the great of france also known as charlemagne was one of the greatest rulers of medieval france france was then divided into regions referred to as counts and his dynasty included a great section of the central part of europe medievaleuropeonline maps maps for chapter 13 toward the sovereign state c 1300 1500 13 1 the english in france during the hundred years war 1337 1453 13 2 the iberian peninsula at the time of isabella and ferdinand the fortified medieval cities of france tripsavvy com france with its long history of conflicts between monarchs and knights and of course the english has left us with a glorious legacy of fortified cities france in the middle ages wikipedia in the middle ages in france medieval latin was the primary medium of scholarly exchange and the liturgical language of the medieval roman catholic church it was also the language of science literature law and administration map of france lonelyplanet com map of france and travel information about france brought to you by lonely planet most beautiful villages of france rated as exceptional picturesque medieval village in the french pyrenees one of the most beautiful villages of france and site of the fort liberia by vauban search beyond site map provence beyond france in the middle ages the finer times france in the middle ages the name of france is derived from a medieval tribe called the franks a 15 year old boy with the name of clovis became leader of his small frankish tribe in 481 he began killing the other members of his family to reduce the number of competitors for the authority map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes