Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the estate affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than afterward a sharp dividing line. The geographic affix with Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient archives and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the radical era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, not far off from all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to protester economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, next a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, similar to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a sever political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its believer states.
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atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense map the middle ages britannica com map map the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture in fact during the 6th century constantine of antioch created a christian topography depicting medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts note product links are paid affiliate links all links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free europe in the middle ages europe in the middle ages map of europe in the middle ages name date in this unit you will learn about europe in the middle ages ten beautiful medieval maps medievalists net the t o map of isidore of seville isidore of seville c 560 636 was one of the leading scholars of the early middle ages near the end of his life he wrote etymologiae a kind of encyclopedia of world knowledge that filled 20 volumes medievaleuropeonline maps 10 1 the holy roman empire and the italian peninsula in the central middle ages 10 2 the expansion of royal power in france c 1150 1300 maps for chapter 12 famine plague and recovery c 1300 1500 geography maps middle ages for kids the continents of europe and asia form the eurasian landmass the continent of europe sticks out from the western end of this landmass europe in the middle ages technology culture and trade when we think of europe in the period that we call the high middle ages we see buoyant optimism everywhere we see this europe striking out against its neighbors in movements that we call the crusades middle ages wikipedia the late middle ages in europe as a whole correspond to the trecento and early renaissance cultural periods in italy northern europe and spain continued to use gothic styles which became increasingly elaborate in the 15th century until almost the end of the period history of europe wikipedia eastern europe in the high middle ages was dominated by the rise and fall of the mongol empire led by genghis khan the mongols were a group of steppe nomads who established a decentralized empire which at its height extended from china in the east to the black and baltic seas in europe