France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into account its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. supplementary major urban areas add up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late center Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of radical history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating subsequent to the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into account most retaining close economic and military links similar to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into account the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, beast one of the five surviving members of the associated Nations Security Council taking into consideration the capacity to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic permit of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a believer of the work of 7, North Atlantic concurrence organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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mont blanc wikipedia however neither is the peak of the mont blanc visible from courmayeur nor is the peak of the mont blanc de courmayeur visible from chamonix because part of the mountains lower down obscure them a sardinian atlas map of 1869 showing the summit lying two thirds in italy and one third in france mont blanc map haute savoie france mapcarta mont blanc is the highest summit of western europe on the border between france and italy the mountain is usually accessed from chamonix in france but can be approached from courmayeur in italy see those pages for amenities and activities around the mont blanc massif chamonix mont blanc rhone alpes map mapquest com get directions maps and traffic for chamonix mont blanc rhone alpes check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit map of chamonix mont blanc viamichelin michelin route map of chamonix mont blanc detailed map of chamonix mont blanc are you looking for the map of chamonix mont blanc find any address on the map of chamonix mont blanc or calculate your itinerary to and from chamonix mont blanc find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in chamonix mont blanc about google maps the mont blanc massif the highest and most iconic mountain in western europe mont blanc resides on the border between france and italy tour of mont blanc hike maps routes and itineraries the tour du mont blanc is a 170 km trek that encompasses the whole of the mont blanc massif with nearly 10 000m of cumulative descent and ascent it is usually completed in a number of days mont blanc italy france airpano com in 1861 a demarcation agreement was signed defining mont blanc as the border between france and italy the 1860 act and attached maps are still legally valid for both the french and italian governments chamonix map chamonix mont blanc tourist office piste chamonix mont blanc tourist office offers many plans and maps of chamonix discover ski map summer lift map piste map of chamonix europe access map discover ski map summer lift map piste map of chamonix europe access map visit mont blanc visit mont blanc come to discover the mont blanc at chamonix mont blanc located at the heart of the french alps google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps