Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory along with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the and no-one else European country to have a visceral attach gone an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are in addition to allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary later Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula going on for 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along in the same way as ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman consider all but 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician reveal Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the beforehand eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection deserted a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to perspective the invasion. taking into account the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance open-minded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as a consequence many advancements in the arts, in the manner of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish researcher work, Don Quixote, was furthermore published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, afterward the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the dealing out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal handing out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade organization (WTO) and many additional international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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moors wikipedia the term moors refers primarily to the muslim inhabitants of the maghreb the iberian peninsula sicily and malta during the middle ages the moors initially were the indigenous maghrebine berbers the name was later also applied to arabs moors in spain map autobedrijfmaatje moorish invasion a brief guide to the marvelous history of the moors in spain muslim iberia al andalus timeline map 707 1492 youtube map of spain and portugal at 750ad timemaps islamic spain and the reconquista map spain 2nd half 9th century moorish harem the moorish conquest of spain from 711 to 732 espana pinterest the 15 facts on the moors in spain black history studies 1 the spanish occupation by the moors began in 711 ad when an african army under their leader tariq ibn ziyad crossed the strait of gibraltar from northern africa and invaded the iberian peninsula andalus spain under the visigoths history of spain the moors spanish web return to main history of spain page back to the time of the visigoths 408 to 711 possibly encouraged to invade spain in the first place by hispano romans unhappy with the vigigoths the moors came and stayed for around 700 years leaving a definite imprint on the country particularly andalucia where to see moorish spain moors history rough guides escended from north african tribes of berbers and arabs the moors ruled parts of spain from the eighth until the fifteenth century focusing much of their domination on the southern province of andalucia the moorish civilization when blacks ruled spain the great prosperity of moorish spain the moors introduced african sciences translated into greek arabic persian and indian they greatly reduced the tax on citizens a brief guide to the marvelous history of the moors in spain the spanish moors were eventually overpowered in the 15th century but they left behind a legacy of rich culture and architecture found right across spain and portugal today particularly spain this historyplex post takes a brief look at the history of what happened to the moors in spain their rule cultural influence and decline moorish spain the story of spain spanish fiestas internal divisions within moorish rule largely explain why the moors didn t conquer the whole peninsula in those early days had they done so spain may well have remained a muslim state until today