Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the home be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be close to along with Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is divided into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the stop of ancient history and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, approximately all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into account a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, past the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the drop of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls accompanied by most of its member states.
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top 10 highest peaks in europe places to see in your europe is actually home to a myriad of world famous world class mountains particularly those with impressively high peaks so for the adventure travelers who isn t afraid of a little snow we ve compiled a list of the highest peaks in europe the ones that should be highest on your list general orography map histoire et geographie de l europe europe middle east and north africa mountains map click on a mountain name in the list here below to display the location of this mountain range its local name its length and highest summit europe physical map freeworldmaps net europe physical map with countries click on the countries to see detailed country map europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end europe map map of europe facts geography history of for a better view of the mountains and topography of central europe see the map below europe topographical map central europe on this larger slice of a european topographical map you can clearly see the major rivers of central europe as well as the alps that slice through austria and switzerland 25 highest mountains in europe tallest european peaks bet you don t know where the highest mountains in europe are if like us you immediately said the alps then think again that record goes to the russian caucasus mountains with an impressive highest peak of 18 510 feet 5 642 meters world atlas all the mountains of the world the major mountains of our planet click a mountain name here below and display its location its highest summit with its altitude and the length of the whole mountain range list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent list of highest points of european countries wikipedia this page lists the highest natural elevation of each sovereign state on the continent of europe defined physiographically states sometimes associated with europe politically and culturally but not geographically part of europe are not included in this list of physical features with the exception of armenia and cyprus marked with a n a rank entry world mountain ranges map quiz game world mountain ranges map quiz game mountains ranges form when two or more plates in the earth s crust collide into one another with nowhere to go the colliding land masses are forced upwards creating the mountain peaks that we can see on the landscape that process is still ongoing the himalayan mountains for example are estimated