France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. other major urban areas intensify Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the late middle Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s dated republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating subsequent to the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World raid II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining close economic and military friends taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving almost 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, visceral one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council in imitation of the knack to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer declare of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the work of 7, North Atlantic settlement presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade doling out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the mountains in france the principle mountain regions in france the alps les alpes to the east of france and on the swiss italian borders the highest peak is the mont blanc at 4808 metres the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the seven main mountain ranges of france are beautiful and varied running from the mighty alps in the east and to the south east to the granite landscape of the morvan in burgundy maps of mountains in france picturetomorrow on this website we recommend many pictures abaout maps of mountains in france that we have collected from various sites picturetomorrow and of course what we recommend is the most excellent of picture for maps of mountains in france mountains in france map lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from s media cache ak0 pinimg com geological map of france showing mountain ranges rivers etc mountains in france for maps of picturetomorrow image description if you like this picture please right click and save the picture thanks for visiting this website we provide a lot of options related to mountains in france for maps of images for you do not hesitate to come back physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe map of basins mountains and rivers in france planetware from the paris basin in the north to the massif central pyrenees and western alps in the south france has a varied landscape that also includes many rivers highest mountains in france worldatlas com france houses some of the most spectacular mountains and terrains in europe such as mont blanc about 2977 peaks are located in france most of them in the alps and the pyrenees ranges ski resorts france skiing in france list and map of all 254 ski resorts in france in france you can look forward to 10 163 kilometres of slopes the ski resorts are served by 3 163 ski lifts have lots of fun skiing in france 10 most beautiful lakes in france with photos map lac de capitello is corsica s contribution to france s list of pretty lakes it s a small circular alpine lake surrounded by craggy mountains in the restonica valley