Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is at odds from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is not speaking together with the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is ration of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was approximately 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million stir in the Republic of Ireland and just greater than 1.8 million rouse in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, subsequently several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but moody climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes up roughly 10% of the island, compared like a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land being species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and appropriately very moderate, and winters are milder than customary for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The antediluvian evidence of human presence in Ireland is outdated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. once the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English believe to be did not extend on top of the collection island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English decide was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. in imitation of the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the allied Kingdom. A charge of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the considering decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the allied Kingdom. Northern Ireland axiom much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in the same way as a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community even if the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant assume on further cultures, especially in the dome of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features behind that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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civil parishes in ireland wikipedia external links historic 6 inch map mapviewer ordnance survey of ireland 1833 46 archived from the original on 29 august 2012 zoom in to scale of 10 000 1 or less to show 6 inch maps from 1833 46 with parish boundaries in blue townlands in ireland based on data in openstreetmap here is a list of counties in ireland click on each county to see baronies civil parishes and townlands in the respective county irish catholic parishes john grenham irish ancestry with john grenham click on a county for details of its parishes civil parish maps for ulster ulster historical foundation learn about the parish maps for ulster a parish is a territorial division which can be either a civil or ecclesiastical unit civil parishes largely follow the pattern that was established in medieval times parish maps of ireland google books 514 parish maps depicting all townlands in the four ulster counties of armagh donegal londonderry and tyrone by brian mitchell 1988 isbn 0933227337 ireland mapping townlands openstreetmap wiki the following outlines a step by step process for the mapping of townland civil parish barony boundaries in ireland a talk about this project was given at sotm 2016 giving a useful overview irish civil parishes john grenham irish ancestry with john grenham click on a county for details of its civil parishes list of civil parishes of ireland wikipedia civil parishes in ireland are based on the medieval christian parishes adapted by the english administration and by the church of ireland the parishes their division into townlands and their grouping into baronies were recorded in the down survey undertaken in 1656 58 by surveyors under william petty church maps archdiocese of dublin we have plotted most of our churches on our new interactive map below to find yours just click on the location and information about the church will be displayed google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps