Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely teetotal seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares gain access to estate borders in the same way as France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). similar to not far off from 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous fanatic come clean of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant brute the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic bearing in mind a government of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capability in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a time of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can along with be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the prematurely middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous antagonist city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good prosperity through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for advanced capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and innovation to the stop of Europe, bringing a renewed concentration in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered supplementary routes to the far-off East and the additional World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s billboard and embassy knack significantly waned later than the creation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting together with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was next conquered and new estranged by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a epoch of chaotic embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was regarding extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the before 20th century, Italy hastily industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite innate one of the main victors in World fighting I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World prosecution II on the Axis side finished in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. subsequently the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, time-honored a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a highly developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically open-minded countries, taking into consideration its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a utterly high life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional aptitude and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European bond and a fanatic of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the bond for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a postscript of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World heritage Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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po valley wikipedia the po valley po plain plain of the po or padan plain italian pianura padana pjaˈnuːra paˈdaːna or val padana is a major geographical feature of northern italy google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps po valley region italy britannica com in italy the plains in italy that of the po valley occupies more than 17 000 of the 27 000 square miles 44 000 of the 77 000 square km of italian plain land italian campaign po valley 1945 olive drab com map of the po river valley in northern italy the east west po valley is relatively level land north of the gothic line of german defense in the north apennines in the po valley lay the po river meandering east from its source in northwestern italy to the adriatic sea forming a second line of defense po valley geography the po river valley is the largest and most important economic region in italy it is the center of most italian industry as well as italy s agricultural heartland bridging the po valley 85th infantry division april 21 26 1945 final campaign in italy the po valley campaign began in early april with the attacks by the british 8th army and the us 5th army to capture the last remaining mountain peaks before reaching the plains of the po valley po valley 1945 u s army center of military history map breakthrough into the po valley intricate system of trenches dugouts and machine gun emplacements was reminiscent of world war i if stoutly defended it could be the toughest line yet encountered in italy aosta valley italy map and travel guide tripsavvy italy s aosta valley or valle d aosta region is the smallest of italy s 20 regions it contains much of italy s first national park the parco nazionale del gran paradiso the valle d aosta is a wonderful place to ski in winter and hike in summer italy google map driving directions and maps italy google map google maps and detailed facts of italy it this page enables you to explore italy and its border countries location southern europe a peninsula extending into the central mediterranean sea northeast of tunisia through detailed satellite imagery fast and easy as never before google maps po river wikipedia the po valley was the territory of the roman cisalpine gaul divided into cispadane gaul south of the po and transpadane gaul north of the po the po begins in the alps and is in italy and flows eastward