France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tally French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. new major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s outdated republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating once the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World prosecution I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came under hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining close economic and military contacts bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving all but 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, innate one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council when the power to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member make a clean breast of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic treaty processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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poitiers map of poitiers 86000 france the city of poitiers is a big french city located west of france the city of poitiers is located in the department of vienne of the french region poitou charentes where is poitiers france poitiers poitou charentes location of poitiers on a map poitiers is a city found in poitou charentes france it is located 46 58 latitude and 0 33 longitude and it is situated at elevation 76 meters above sea level poitiers has a population of 85 960 making it the biggest city in poitou charentes it operates on the cest poitiers poitou charentes map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for poitiers poitou charentes check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit poitiers 2019 best of poitiers france tourism tripadvisor with its romanesque architecture and cobbled lanes hilltop poitiers is a city steeped in history nonetheless its lively student population and steady influx of theme park visitors ensure a thriving cultural scene and a center brimming with galleries restaurants and terrace cafes poitiers map and poitiers satellite image poitiers regional highways maps leaflets road situations transportation lodging guide geographical physical information can be found with poitiers interactive map map of poitiers michelin poitiers map viamichelin poitiers map poitiers michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 poitiers france interactive weather radar map weather radar map shows the location of precipitation its type rain snow and ice and its recent movement to help you plan your day google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps poitiers wikipedia the poitiers train station was built in the 1850s and connected poitiers to the rest of france 20th century and contemporary poitiers edit poitiers was bombed during world war ii particularly the area around the railway station which was heavily hit on 13 june 1944 battle of poitiers wikipedia it was fought on 19 september 1356 in nouaille near the city of poitiers in aquitaine western france edward the black prince led an army of english welsh breton and gascon troops many of them veterans of the battle of crecy