Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is at odds from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was roughly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million liven up in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, in the same way as several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but changeable climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes happening practically 10% of the island, compared past a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home monster species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and so very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The obsolete evidence of human presence in Ireland is out of date at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. when the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English deem did not extend higher than the collection island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was expected to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. as soon as the Acts of devotion in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the joined Kingdom. A combat of independence in the prematurely 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the as soon as decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland wise saying much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided with a embassy taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community even though the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant influence upon further cultures, especially in the dome of literature. next to mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features past that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as membership football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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political map of ireland nations online project map of ireland political map of ireland the map shows ireland with the republic of ireland and northern ireland within the british isles depicted on the map are the irish border the national capital dublin of the republic of ireland county capitals major cities main roads railroads and major airports partition of ireland wikipedia political map of ireland the partition of ireland irish criochdheighilt na heireann divided the island of ireland into two jurisdictions northern ireland and southern ireland it took place on 3 may 1921 under the government of ireland act 1920 today the former is still known as northern ireland and forms part of the united kingdom while the latter is now a sovereign state also named politics of northern ireland wikipedia the leadership as of 2005 had decided not to take part in electoral politics in northern ireland however in the latter part of 2007 the taoiseach said his party was consulting its grassroots on the possibility of contesting elections in the north and that in advance of this fianna fail had registered as a political party in northern ireland political map of northern ireland maphill maps of northern ireland maphill is a collection of map images this political map of northern ireland is one of them click on the detailed button under the image to switch to a more detailed map see northern ireland from a different angle republic of ireland country profile nations online project political map of northern ireland google earth map ireland searchable map satellite view of ireland google earth map dublin searchable map satellite view of dublin map of the united kingdom political map of the united kingdom map of europe political map of europe one of two windmills in skerries formerly a thriving fishing port and a major center of hand embroidery now a dormitory town political map of ireland royalty free editable vector all the counties of both the republic of ireland and northern ireland are plotted and named and you have the option to show them with their administrative boundary lines and or as areas of colour the border between the republic and northern ireland is on a separate layer for easy customisation maps of ireland detailed map of ireland in english maps of ireland collection of detailed maps of ireland political administrative road physical topographical travel and other map of ireland cities of ireland on the maps map of ireland in english northern ireland vs republic of ireland difference and northern ireland northern ireland was established as a political entity in 1921 from six counties in the northern province of ulster who wished to retain their political unity with great britain which is a neighboring island comprising england scotland and wales what is the difference between ireland and northern many non irish people ask what is the difference between the republic of ireland and northern ireland the short answer ireland is a single island situated next to britain but there are two countries on the island the republic of ireland makes up most of the island the republic of ireland is an independent sove irish political maps the counties of ireland the counties of ireland do not precisely correspond with its administrative divisions in the republic these divisions are made along county and city council lines with the only major differences to the above map being the addition of the cities of dublin cork waterford limerick and galway and the splitting of two counties tipperary is comprised of two administrative counties north and