Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies bodily geography, the home attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period back its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than with a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be next to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are after that transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, approaching every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to futuristic economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the allied States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequently a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a separate embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionada states.
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maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent european borders in 1914 vs european borders today map found via reddit user areat the map above shows what europe s borders looked on the eve of world war one in 1914 overlaid on top of the borders of european countries today europe 1914 free maps free blank maps free outline maps europe 1914 free maps free outline maps free blank maps free base maps high resolution gif pdf cdr ai svg wmf world history map 1914 with the british empire at its world history in 1914 the west in command this map shows what was happening in world history in 1914 western imperialism in what must be the most audacious land grab in history western nations divide much of the globe between them first world war nationalarchives gov uk europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1914 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes europe 1914 map quiz game europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe in some ways the map was easier to read because many of the countries that we now know were part of larger empires that no longer exist pre and post world war 1 map comparison mr knight map of europe before and after world war 1 what new countries did the treaty of versailles and the treaty of breast litovsk create before world war 1 after world war 1 40 maps that explain world war i vox com 40 maps that explain world war i by zack beauchamp timothy b lee and matthew yglesias on august 4 2014 one hundred years ago today on august 4 1914 german troops began pouring the history of europe every year see the entire history of europe mapped out as one continent forever influenced history while constantly bringing war and empires among itself over and over yet culturally evolving as time went by