Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies living thing geography, the land link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify upon a spectrum rather than following a smart dividing line. The geographic border amid Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient archives and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the forward looking era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, something like every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advocate economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into account a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a remove political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls accompanied by most of its fanatic states.
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maps europe before world war two 1939 diercke europe before world war two 1939 the map of europe changed significantly after the first world war the war brought the monarchies in germany austria hungary russia and the ottoman empire to their knees map of europe pre world war one europe map before world war 1 here we have a map of europe before the break out of ww1 as you can see there are some countries that have remained relatively the same pre and post world war 1 map comparison mr knight map of europe before and after world war 1 what new countries did the treaty of versailles and the treaty of breast litovsk create before world war 1 after world war 1 map europe 1919 to 1939 europe s major borders 1919 to 1939 part of an online history of the 20th century american history 1st period pre war europe 13 describe the countries that made up pre war europe include the racial make up of each draw a map to show the location of each country in 1933 about 9 5 million jews lived in europe which was 1 7 of the total european population maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent history of europe the prewar period britannica com history of europe history of europe the prewar period the same universal aggressiveness was to have its field day in the coming war of nations but in the intervening decade 1905 14 occurred the remarkable outburst of a creativeness which for the first time since 1789 had its source elsewhere than in romanticism the cubist europe pre world war i map collection enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email join 91 other followers follow history of europe prewar diplomacy britannica com war thus resulted from a number of basic developments in 19th century europe just as its catastrophic impact resulted from the military technologies that the 19th century industrial revolution had created