France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories adjoin French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into account its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. extra major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the late center Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s old-fashioned republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in imitation of the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World battle I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World achievement II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining near economic and military friends similar to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the manner of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, mammal one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council when the skill to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate allow in of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the society of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france showing different regions and provinces french map of france showing the 22 different regions and provinces in france including corica island and the capital city paris provinces of france wikipedia provinces of france in 1789 relative to the modern borders of france note the comtat venaissin annexed 1791 mulhouse annexed 1798 montbeliard annexed 1816 savoy and nice annexed 1860 and small portions of other provinces were not part of the kingdom of france map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine information about all the 13 regions of france learn about the all the different regions in france with maps information and the main cities clickable map of france traditional provinces anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page category maps of provinces of france wikimedia commons media in category maps of provinces of france the following 52 files are in this category out of 52 total provinces of france summary descriptions provinces of france t his page provides summary descriptions of france s 22 provincial regions listing geographic size population figures administrative capitals and brief information on resources and economy map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent the 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments while the overseas regions consist