France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. new major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, taking into account its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of radical history’s early republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating as soon as the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World act I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, later than most retaining near economic and military contacts bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving a propos 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, living thing one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council following the capacity to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado welcome of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a believer of the action of 7, North Atlantic harmony direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france showing different regions and provinces french map of france showing the 22 different regions and provinces in france including corica island and the capital city paris home page paris restaurants paris museums paris monuments paris castles paris hotels how to support website main index pages home page map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine provinces of france wikipedia provinces of france in 1789 relative to the modern borders of france note the comtat venaissin annexed 1791 mulhouse annexed 1798 montbeliard annexed 1816 savoy and nice annexed 1860 and small portions of other provinces were not part of the kingdom of france map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history france maps maps of france large detailed map of france with cities 1911×1781 2 18 mb go to map france regions map new information about all the 13 regions of france how many regions are there in france answer from 1st january 2016 mainland france is now divided into 13 5 overseas administrative regions the government agreed on a major administrative reorganisation of the country clickable map of france traditional provinces anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page the regions of france about france com since 2016 metropolitan france has been divided administratively into 13 regions until the end of 2015 there were 22 regions the reduction has been obtained by mergeing certain regions together as can be seen on the map above map of provence lonelyplanet com map of provence and travel information about provence brought to you by lonely planet regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent the 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments while the overseas regions consist